23 Jun

Consumer groups and unions urge FTC to block AbbVie and Allergan merger

first_img @Pharmalot [email protected] Pharmalot Log In | Learn More STAT+ is STAT’s premium subscription service for in-depth biotech, pharma, policy, and life science coverage and analysis. Our award-winning team covers news on Wall Street, policy developments in Washington, early science breakthroughs and clinical trial results, and health care disruption in Silicon Valley and beyond. Unlock this article — plus daily coverage and analysis of the pharma industry — by subscribing to STAT+. First 30 days free. GET STARTED A coalition of consumer groups and unions have asked the Federal Trade Commission to block AbbVie (ABBV) from proceeding with its proposed $63 billion acquisition of Allergan (AGN) in order “to prevent further harm to consumers.”In arguing their case, the groups contend pharmaceutical industry has become increasingly concentrated, which has often caused higher prices and reduced choices. Moreover, they also maintained both companies have “engaged in a wide variety of anticompetitive conduct to stifle competition including restrictive contracting practices and intellectual property abuse.” What is it? GET STARTED About the Author Reprintscenter_img Ed Silverman Kristoffer Tripplaar/Sipa/AP Consumer groups and unions urge FTC to block AbbVie and Allergan merger Daily reporting and analysis The most comprehensive industry coverage from a powerhouse team of reporters Subscriber-only newsletters Daily newsletters to brief you on the most important industry news of the day STAT+ Conversations Weekly opportunities to engage with our reporters and leading industry experts in live video conversations Exclusive industry events Premium access to subscriber-only networking events around the country The best reporters in the industry The most trusted and well-connected newsroom in the health care industry And much more Exclusive interviews with industry leaders, profiles, and premium tools, like our CRISPR Trackr. What’s included? Pharmalot Columnist, Senior Writer Ed covers the pharmaceutical industry. By Ed Silverman Sept. 13, 2019 Reprints Tags antitrustdrug pricingpatentspharmaceuticalsSTAT+last_img read more

21 Jun

Collier YMCA rolls out COVID-19 recovery & wellness plan

first_imgAdvertisement Session ID: 2021-06-17:933a165292aa0b02385fcc96 Player Element ID: vjs_video_3 OK Close Modal DialogBeginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 1xPlayback RateFullscreen Mosquitoes swarming Collier County, crews trap 25,000 in two nights June 17, 2021 Japan to ease COVID restrictions as country prepares for 2020 Olympics June 17, 2021 Wounded Warriors organization accuses City of Naples of discrimination June 16, 2021 Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently behind liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 1xPlayback RateChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio TrackFullscreenThis is a modal window. The Video Cloud video was not found. Error Code: VIDEO_CLOUD_ERR_VIDEO_NOT_FOUND AdvertisementDC Young Fly knocks out heckler (video) – Rolling OutRead more6 comments’Mortal Kombat’ Exceeded Expectations Says WarnerMedia ExecutiveRead more2 commentsDo You Remember Bob’s Big Boy?Read more1 commentsKISS Front Man Paul Stanley Reveals This Is The End Of KISS As A Touring Band, For RealRead more1 commentscenter_img Amazon distribution center officially opens in Collier County June 16, 2021 RELATEDTOPICS AdvertisementTags: collier countyCovid-19marco island MARCO ISLAND, Fla.- The YMCA in Collier County has started a program designed to aid both physical and mental recovery from the pandemic. The recovery and wellness initiative is for community member of all ages who have felt the impacts of isolation potentially paired with a less active routine and over-eating. The program offers mental and physical health screenings, COVID-19 testing and a personalized health and wellness plan. AdvertisementRecommended ArticlesBrie Larson Reportedly Replacing Robert Downey Jr. As The Face Of The MCURead more81 commentsGal Gadot Reportedly Being Recast As Wonder Woman For The FlashRead more29 commentslast_img read more

18 Jun

Manulife Asset Management to close mutual fund

Fiona Collie Keywords Character conversionCompanies Manulife Asset Management Distributions for the fund will end with the expiration of its forward agreement in June. The final distribution for unit holders of record will take place on June 26. Related news Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Fidelity completes capital yield fund mergers Sentry reopens corporate class fixed-income funds Manulife Strategic Income Opportunities Fund (MSO.UN), a closed-end fund managed by Toronto-based Manulife Asset Management Ltd, will cease distributions in June. The fund currently uses a derivative strategy that converts interest income into a capital gain, thereby lowering the taxes on distributions to unit holders. This strategy is known as a “character conversion transaction.” The federal government, however, proposed changes in the March budget to prohibit the use of such a strategy in mutual funds. Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Invesco simplifies product offering read more

16 Jun

Eat it Tassie! campaign launch

first_imgEat it Tassie! campaign launch Sarah Courtney,Minister for Small Business, Hospitality and EventsWe know Tourism and Hospitality industries were some of the hardest hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.This is why the Tasmanian Liberal Government is committed to supporting our important hospitality sector as we prepare to welcome visitors back to our State for the summer season and continue to encourage locals to get out and about.The Tasmanian Government has committed $250,000 to support a state-wide marketing campaign that will feature Tasmania’s hospitality venues and local personalities, showcase Tasmanian produce and remind people that these venues still need our support.The campaign will be called Eat it Tassie! and will focus on celebrating Tasmania’s food, beverage and venue experiences through story telling across various platforms with hospitality venues encouraged to get creative by adding specialty food and beverage offerings that showcase Tasmanian produce or to host events.The campaign will be delivered across radio, TV, print and social media channels.Minister for Small Business, Hospitality and Events, Sarah Courtney, said “As we move through the recovery phase, the Tasmanian Government is focused on supporting our vital hospitality industry. Eat it Tassie! is a free marketing platform and I strongly encourage our clubs, pubs, café’s restaurants and bars in all corners of our State to leverage from this exciting opportunity which will help drive visitation to venues as we rebuild our strong hospitality sector,” Minister Courtney said.“We look forward to celebrating our great Tassie food, wine, produce, venues, chefs, hospitality staff and their special take on Tassie food and festivity over our Tassie summer.”Dave Noonan from Bright Escapes is one of the drivers of the Eat it Tassie! Campaign and said COVID had been tough for everyone, especially our hospitality sector.“Eat it Tassie! provides an opportunity for our hospitality venues to showcase their amazing food, people and experience this summer,” Mr Noonan said.“It means you can experience the best that Tassie has to offer, no matter where you are in our great State.”“Our hospitality venues really need to have a big summer. We want Tasmanians and visitors to get out there and sample the best of our food and produce and this is a great way to get all the information in one easy to access location.”Eat it Tassie! is the second hospitality campaign funded by the Tasmanian Government since the COVID-19 pandemic hit with $255,000 provided to deliver the ‘Welcome Back’ campaign during July – October 2020 to encourage Tasmanians to safely support their favourite venues.Venues can register at https://eatittassie.com.au/ with the program of activities, experiences and offers available to the public from mid-December. /Public Release. This material comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. View in full here. Why?Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. We don’t put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. Media ownership in Australia is one of the most concentrated in the world (Learn more). Since the trend of consolidation is and has historically been upward, fewer and fewer individuals or organizations control increasing shares of the mass media in our country. According to independent assessment, about 98% of the media sector is held by three conglomerates. This tendency is not only totally unacceptable, but also to a degree frightening). Learn more hereWe endeavour to provide the community with real-time access to true unfiltered news firsthand from primary sources. It is a bumpy road with all sorties of difficulties. We can only achieve this goal together. Our website is open to any citizen journalists and organizations who want to contribute, publish high-quality insights or send media releases to improve public access to impartial information. You and we have the right to know, learn, read, hear what and how we deem appropriate.Your support is greatly appreciated. All donations are kept completely private and confidential.Thank you in advance!Tags:AusPol, Australia, Bright, business, campaign, coronavirus, covid-19, food, Government, industry, Media, Minister, season, Small Business, social media, TAS, Tasmania, Tassie, tourismlast_img read more

15 Jun

Hyundai promises 2020 Venue will be its smallest, most stylish CUV yet

first_img We encourage all readers to share their views on our articles using Facebook commenting Visit our FAQ page for more information. Shorter overall than Kona by 130 millimetres, the Venue’s wheelbase is only 81-millimetres, so the Venue is surprisingly roomy inside. In fact, passenger volume is only down a paltry 62 litres (just two cubic-feet). Even the cargo capacity is down by just 14 litres, barely enough to fit a purse or laptop. The Venue’s infotainment system features an eight-inch Display Audio touchscreen and rear-view monitor that also incorporates both Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Heated seats and a heated steering wheel, meanwhile, lend a feeling of affluence in small packages. When is it coming?End of this year.Should you buy it?Like I said, prefacing the description of any SUV with “most affordable” is always a good way to start a discussion. Perky performance and decent fuel economy just add to the allure. The Venue’s styling might not be to everyone’s liking, but I suspect that the Venue’s low MSRP will more than make up for the somewhat tepid silhouette. Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueAndrew McCredie, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueAndrew McCredie, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.22020 Hyundai VenueJonathan Yarkony, Driving RELATED TAGSHyundaiNew YorkNew York Auto ShowNews COMMENTSSHARE YOUR THOUGHTS What is it?Yet another cute little crossover from South Korea, this one they claim will be the smallest and most affordable in its now seven-strong SUV lineup.Why does it matter?Well, putting smallest and most affordable in the same sentence as SUV is always attention-grabbing. Power comes from Hyundai’s tried and tested 1.6L inline-four with dual-port fuel injection. Mated to Hyundai’s IVT (Intelligent Variable Transmission), which marries CVT efficiency with artificial “gear shifts” so it feels like a traditional automatic. Overall, the combination is good for 7.1 L/100 km fuel consumption.Stylistically, the Venue looks like a Kona that was mated to a Mini, cute to some, a little too boxy for others. Inside, the “highly function and expressive” interior, like the Venue’s price tag, is meant to attract all those budget-conscious Millennials that have been forced to shop the used car market for the trendy sport-ute they all covet. Hence, what Hyundai Canada calls its “youthful, fun” colour palette. last_img read more

13 Jun

The Udsen Family Announces New Name for Beaverstock: Whale Rock Music…

first_img Share Twitter TAGSBeaverstockCastoro CellarsConsumerWhale Rock Music and Arts Festival Previous articleAlexander Quirici Joins Tonnellerie Ô as Business Development SpecialistNext articleAlexana Promotes Bryan Weil to Head Winemaker Press Release Linkedin Home Industry News Releases The Udsen Family Announces New Name for Beaverstock: Whale Rock Music and…Industry News ReleasesWine BusinessThe Udsen Family Announces New Name for Beaverstock: Whale Rock Music and Arts FestivalBy Press Release – March 22, 2017 30 0 ReddIt Pinterest Facebook AdvertisementWoodstock Forces Name Change with Cease and Desist DemandMarch 21, 2017 (Templeton, CA) – The Udsen family of Castoro Cellars has announced a new name for their popular Beaverstock Music and Arts Festival:  WHALE ROCK MUSIC and ARTS FESTIVAL. The new name is a natural fit, as the event is held on Castoro’s organically farmed estate Whale Rock Vineyard each year. The Whale Rock Disc Golf Course and Informational Ranch Tour is also on the property. The name change is a result of a Cease and Desist Demand issued by the Woodstock Music and Art Fair claiming trademark infringement.The original Beaverstock in 2013 was a 30th anniversary party the Udsen family threw for their winery, Castoro Cellars. It was such a big hit that they decided to make it an annual event and have been at it ever since. “It gets bigger and better every year, and we still love putting it on,” said Beaverstock Guru Luke Udsen. “We came up with the Beaverstock name using my father’s ‘Beaver’ nickname, so we are of course emotionally tied to it. And honestly it took us some time to come to grips with the fact that we had to change it. Once we did though, it became sort of exciting to come up with a name for the event that it’s become, the festival that it’s grown into.”Past Beaverstock and future WHALE ROCK attendees can rest assured that the two-day music and arts festival, featuring back-to-back band performances on two stages, a gallery of local artists, all-ages yoga, kid crafts and games, Castoro wines, craft beers, hard ciders, food trucks and more, will continue to run strong. In addition, the Udsen family’s commitment to the community has not wavered. They will continue to give a portion of event proceeds to a local charitable organization; total donated over the first four years exceeds $50,000.Beaverstock grew considerably over four years, topping 4,000 attendees in 2016. Click here to see a recap video of the 2016 festival. The 2017 WHALE ROCK MUSIC and ARTS FESTIVAL, the fifth annual event, is set for September 16-17, 2017. Castoro Cellars is located at 1315 North Bethel Road, Templeton, CA 93465. For more information call 805.238.0725 or visit www.castorocellars.com.Advertisement Emaillast_img read more

4 Jun

Spain puts 700MHz 5G auction on hold

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to MoreAddThisMore 31 MAR 2020 Nokia scores Philippines 5G deal with Dito Home Spain puts 700MHz 5G auction on hold The Spanish government postponed a planned auction for 5G-suitable 700MHz spectrum, blaming exceptional circumstances caused by the Covid-19 (coronavirus) outbreak.In a statement, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation said it had informed the European Commission of its need to defer the process, which was scheduled to be completed by 30 June.Spain plans to reallocate frequencies currently assigned to television channels in the 700MHz band for use in future 5G networks, which will then be auctioned to operators once conditions improve.The ministry explained the decision to stay the process is intended to free operators to focus on “maintaining the connectivity of companies and people in this time of health emergency”.It added it would announce a new date for the auction once the containment measures adopted by the country to contain the virus end.The nation is the latest in Europe to suspend 5G auction processes due to the pandemic, with France, Austria and Portugal also delaying sales.Spain held its first auction for 5G-suitable spectrum in July 2018, with operators splashing a total €438 million for 200MHz frequencies. Subscribe to our daily newsletter Back Previous ArticleTelenor Myanmar acquiesces to website block orderNext ArticleHuawei sees 2020 as pivotal year Tags Kavit joined Mobile World Live in May 2015 as Content Editor. He started his journalism career at the Press Association before joining Euromoney’s graduate scheme in April 2010. Read More >> Read more Telkomsel turns on 5G in major citiescenter_img Asia Mobile Mix: Buzzing for Barcelona Kavit Majithia Related Author 5GauctionSpainlast_img read more

30 May

A One-Man Clade

first_img(3) Willi Hennig, Grundzüge einer Theorie der phylogenetischen Systematik, Berlin: Deutscher Zentralverlag, 1950. No real cladist, it goes without saying, would ever refer to the English translation of this book. Let me see: I notice that Matzke never once refers to the German original. Readers must draw their own conclusions. David BerlinskiWriter, Thinker, Raconteur, and Senior Fellow, Discovery InstituteDavid Berlinski received his Ph.D. in philosophy from Princeton University and was later a postdoctoral fellow in mathematics and molecular biology at Columbia University. He is currently a Senior Fellow at Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture. Dr. Berlinski has authored works on systems analysis, differential topology, theoretical biology, analytic philosophy, and the philosophy of mathematics, as well as three novels. He has also taught philosophy, mathematics and English at such universities as Stanford, Rutgers, the City University of New York and the Universite de Paris. In addition, he has held research fellowships at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria and the Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques (IHES) in France.Follow DavidWebsiteTwitter Share (2) Depicted in Matzke, ‘Meyer’s Hopeless Monster, II,’ op cit. Brysse, Keynyn (2008). “From weird wonders to stem lineages: the second reclassification of the Burgess Shale fauna.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Legg, David A.; Sutton, Mark D.; Edgecombe, Gregory D.; Caron, Jean-Bernard (2012). “Cambrian bivalved arthropod reveals origin of arthrodization.” Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B: Biological Sciences. 279(1748), 4699-4704. (9) “It is easy to calculate statistics such as CI and RI,” Matzke writes, “and compare them to CI and RI statistics calculated based on data reshuffled under a null hypothesis where any possible phylogenetic signal has been obliterated.” True enough. It is easy. “In virtually any real case, one will see substantial phylogenetic signal, even if there is uncertainty in certain portions of the tree.” True enough again. The question of what the signal is signaling remains. Had Stephen Meyer better appreciated the tools of modern cladistics, Nick Matzke believes, he would not have drawn the conclusions that he did in his book Darwin’s Doubt, or argued as he had. Meyer is in this regard hardly alone. It would seem that Stephen Jay Gould was just slightly too thick to have appreciated, and the eminent paleontologist James Valentine just slightly too old to have acquired, the methods that Matzke, writing at Panda’s Thumb, is disposed to champion. Should Valentine be appointed to Matzke’s dissertation committee at UC Berkeley, we at Discovery Institute will be pleased to offer uninterrupted prayers on his behalf. We can offer no assurance of success, of course, but then again, when it comes to cladistic methods, neither can Matzke. These are terminological disputes among us experts. A bloop is not necessarily a blunder. Let me refer in what follows to Anomalocaris X, where X designates whatever it is that Matzke had in mind. Does Anomalocaris X enter the fossil record after the first representatives of the arthropod crown make their appearance? It is in that case, a little late, one might think, to be a transitional form. Anomalocaris X could hardly be ancestral to itself nor ancestral to the trilobites and other crown group arthropods. Before then? It is in that case, a little too complex to be the ancestor of the trilobites, possessing as do all such vile bugs compound eyes more sophisticated than anything exhibited by the trilobites — more sophisticated than anything except the eyes of various dragonflies, in fact. What, then, is the ancestor of Anomalocaris X? This is just the question that Stephen Meyer asks, again and again, as it happens. It is a part of the Cambrian mystery. Cladistic methods thus suggest a number of reservations. Character matrices are the method’s heart and soul, ineliminable in practice and theory. It is precisely because character matrices are finite and discrete that cladists believe that they have on hand a body of data that they can master. “Cladistics breaks up the bodyplan characters,” as Matzke observes, “and shows the basic steps they evolved in, and also which parts of the “bodyplan” are actually shared with other phyla.”10 This is precisely what cladistics does, but what it does is at least open to the suspicion that when it comes to these issues, cladistic analysis is driven more by what cladists can do than what they should do. “No experienced naturalist,” Stephen Jay Gould remarked, “could ever fully espouse the reductionist belief that all problems of organic form might be answered by dissecting organisms into separate features …”11 By the same token, no experienced linguist would ever claim that the order in which Latin, French or German words entered the English language explains very much, if anything, about its fundamental structure. A cladistic system expresses a complicated jumble of assumptions and definitions, these expressed most often in the baroque and oddly beautiful vocabulary of Greek and Latin technical terms. No taxonomist with access to words such as paraphyletic, plesiomorphy, or synapomorphy would ever be satisfied by a description of Anomalocaris as some bug-eyed monster shrimp. Not me, for sure.Assumptions and definitions in cladistics sheathe a sturdy but simple skeleton, nothing more than a graph, lines connected to points in the plane. The blunt, no-nonsense language of graph theory is quite sufficient. A graph G = is a collection of vertices and edges. A given vertex may be either an intersection or a terminal point of a graph. A Steiner tree is a graph spanning its terminal points. Although Steiner trees are designed to be unobtrusive, like any skeleton, they make demands all their own, most obviously because they are finite and discrete. These cladograms preserve the hierarchical structure of Figure 1, but they fail notably to keep intermediate taxa where they once belonged. Rotations preserve some of the structure of the original, but not all of it. Similarity in structure may well be an assumption governing the identity of various cladograms; but as these examples show, structural similarity along one dimension does not preserve structural similarity along another. A cladist championing Figure 1 in his PhD dissertation is apt to see intermediates in the fossil record that his colleagues, and so his competitors, regard as nothing more than so many graph-theoretic artifacts. Never mind. Championing Figures 1 and 2 in their dissertations, they have artifacts all their own to exhibit or to hide. It is a very good thing that these people are seldom armed and rarely dangerous. If this is so, how, then, to define transitional forms? If no definition is possible, then the relevance of cladistic analysis to Darwinian biology might be more limited than often thought. It is in any case an obvious question to ask, the more so when assessing a book calling attention to the absence of transitional forms in the Cambrian era.6 Ghost lineages are often defended, rarely extolled. Like much in cladistic analysis, they represent the withdrawal of a theory from any very robust confrontation with the evidence. They simply cannot be used to defend a view of the Cambrian that begins by questioning whether there is anything behind these ghosts beyond the cladist. No wonder that Schmidt is eager to affirm that “phylogenetics does not claim to prove or explain evolution whatsoever.”8 If this is so, a skeptic might be excused for asking what it does prove or might explain? Nick Matzke is not about to go all hopeless on his supporters either. Witness his discussion of the otherwise hideous Anomalocaris. “Anyone actually mildly familiar with modern cladistic work on arthropods and their relatives,” Matzke writes, “would realize that Anomalocaris falls many branches and many character steps below the arthropod crown group….” As it happens, Anomalocaris does not fall anywhere: It is the anomalocaridids that do the falling. They in turn are folded within Radiodonta, which makes for an order and comprises a stem-group arthropod. Their most evident character in common with the arthropod crown group is what in a lobster would be called a bony claw. It is not much, but cladists are not fussy. The anomalocaridids include the genera Anomalocaris, Peytoia, Schinderhannes, Amplectobelua and Hurdia; the arthropod stem group, the gilled lobopodians, dinocaridids, the taxon incorporating Radiodontia, fuxianhuiids and canadaspidids. It is here that characters drift between Onychophora and the arthropod crown group itself. The relationship between cladistics and Darwin’s theory of evolution is thus one of independent origin but convergent confusion. “Phylogenetic systematics,” the entomologist Michael Schmitt remarks, “relies on the theory of evolution.” To the extent that the theory of evolution relies on phylogenetic systematics, the disciplines resemble two biologists dropped from a great height and clutching at one another in mid-air. Tight fit, major fail.7 There is thus A cladogram of cladists is no different from the real thing, a cladogram by cladists. But Willi Hennig is not the last common ancestor of contemporary cladists, the gorgeous apparatus of cladistics notwithstanding, and no cladistic unter-Mensch ever existed. Common characters and common descent are not the same thing. Figure 2 When cladistic analysis is applied to Cambrian paleontology, the imponderables of the method reappear as obscurities in the result, an interesting example of descent with modification. In this regard, Matzke writes, “… the arthropods are instructive.” And so they are. Let us be instructed. Let us be instructed by Gregory D. Edgecombe of the Department of Paleontology at the Natural History Museum in London. “Arthropod phylogeny,” he writes cheerfully, “is sometimes presented as an almost hopeless puzzle wherein all possible competing hypotheses have support …” His conclusions hardly amount to a ringing rejection of the hopeless puzzle school. The best that he can say for his field is that it is false that “anything goes.”12 I am sure this is so. TagsResponse to Criticismscience,Trending A man who believes in ghost lineages is demonstrably inclined, after all, to believe in ghosts. (12) Gregory D. Edgecombe, ‘Arthropod Phylogeny: An Overview from the Perspective of Morphology, Molecular Data, and the fossil record.’ Arthropod Structure & Development 39 (2010) 74-87. This is not a paper that lends itself to Twitter. Edgecombe is not alone. The characters Matzke thinks homologous, Legg calls into question. See the caption, Legg op. cit. Legg is Matzke’s witness and not ours. Valentine and Erwin do as much. Another witness, this one expert: ” … the lobopodians all share fairly simple, unspecialized legs, yet Opabinia and anomalocaridids lack legs but have paired, lateral flaps that, particularly in Opabinia, have gills along the upper aspect of the flap. Beyond the Radionta, however, well-sclerotized jointed appendages reappear. Are arthropod appendages homologous to those of lobopods, as Budd has argued? Are they homologous to the lateral flaps of Radionta [the group that includes anomalocaridids]? Or are they entirely novel structures? This debate is far from settled, illustrating the complexities of understanding the evolutionary pathways among these groups.” Douglas Erwin and James Valentine, The Cambrian Explosion: The Construction of Animal Biodiversity (Roberts and Company, 2013) (internal citations removed), p. 195. Vengeance is mine, saith the Lord. (6) See Wagner G.P., Stadler P.F.. 2003. ‘Quasi-independence, homology and the unity of type: a topological theory of characters.’ Journal of Theoretical Biology 220: 505-527. Matzke acknowledges the point without grasping its meaning. “… [P]hylogenetic methods as they exist now,” he writes, “can only rigorously detect sister-group relationships, not direct ancestry, and, crucially, … this is neither a significant flaw, nor any sort of challenge to common ancestry, nor any sort of evidence against evolution.” But there can be no sisters without parents, and if cladistic analysis cannot detect their now mythical ancestors, it is hard to see what is obtained by calling them sisters. No challenge to common ancestry? Fine. But no support for common ancestry either. Questions of ancestry go beyond every cladistic system of classification, no matter the character states. It follows that questions with respect to the ancestry of various Cambrian phyla cannot be resolved by any cladistic system of classification, however its characters are defined. We are now traveling in all the old familiar circles. The claim made by Darwin’s Doubt is that with respect to the ancestors of those Cambrian phyla, there is nothing there. (1) Günter Wagner, The Character Problem in Evolutionary Biology, Academic Press, 2000, preface. A cladogram does not by itself justify anything of the sort: The inference remains a non-starter because it exhibits a non-sequitur. “Evolution[ary theory] is not a necessary assumption of cladistics,” the biologist, A.V.Z. Brower once remarked.5 Neither is it sufficient, I would add. A cladogram is one way of depicting the information resident in a character matrix, and given the open-ended relationship between a matrix and its depiction in a cladogram, it is by no means unique. Intermediates that are clear as sunshine in a given cladogram disappear into darkness when the cladogram is rotated. Intelligent Design A One-Man CladeDavid BerlinskiJuly 18, 2013, 2:35 PM References 1234A� 0001B� 0011C� 1011D� 1111E� 1111 Origin of Life: Brian Miller Distills a Debate Between Dave Farina and James Tour Without ever mentioning just which shrimp he has mind, Matzke writes that “it is one of many fossils with transitional morphology between the crown-group arthropod phylum, and the next closest living crown group, Onychophora (velvet worms).” With this remark, he solidifies his reputation as a man capable of making the same mistake twice. Common characters? Or at least one in that bony claw? Yes, of course. Transitional morphology? Ah but no. At best, an intermediate morphology. Nor can it be intermediate between the crown arthropods and Onychophora. That would be rather like placing a carrot as an intermediate between the United States and Bolivia. Wrong classification. It is Radiodonta as a taxon that is intermediate between taxa.center_img Recommended It is with a question such as this that the cladistic method achieves a triumph uniquely its own. We may allow Edgecombe the last word. It is in his Figure 1 that he displays a cladogram for stem and crown group arthropoda. The figure includes Onychophora, which falls outside these stem groups but is nonetheless hoping for cladistic glory. Thick black lines move downward from various stem groups and then they stop abruptly where the evidence leaves off. The cladogram nonetheless continues recklessly down through the muck and mist of the early Cambrian, thick black lines now replaced by lines that are thin. These mark the ghost lineages of the cladist’s art, the artifacts of his method and not the imperatives of the evidence. While the last common ancestor of Radiodonta is basal to the last common ancestor of the arthropod crown, both are imaginary. Jane Goodall Meets the God Hypothesis or even this It was the German entomologist Willi Hennig who with the publication of Grundzüge einer Theorie der phylogenetischen Systematik introduced biologists to his scheme of classification.3 Matzke is surely right to remark that drawing up character sets is a detailed and tedious business. But so is the work involved in alphabetizing the names of all those residents in Moscow in 1937. It is in either case no great recommendation. The great merit of cladistic analysis is just the work that it makes for cladistic analysts.4 Like so much in Darwinian biology, it is a gift that keeps on giving. (8) M. Schmitt, ‘Claims and Limits of Phylogenetic Systematics.’ Z. zool. Syst. Evolu.-forsch. 27 (1989) 181 -190. Schmitt is curator of Coleoptera and Head of Department of Arthropoda at the Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig. What he does not know about beetles is apparently not worth knowing. Figure 1 Evolution (4) Make-work for jerks, as a distinguished figure was heard uncharitably to remark. The cladistic classification of the living and the dead proceeds by means of a character matrix, one whose elements are bright but isolated morphological or genetic bits. Fingers are ideal. They can be counted. No organism person (typically) has more than five of them. And fingers are discrete. No one need wonder where one begins and the other ends, a point not lost on short-tempered motorists. When character sets are expressed as graphs, the result is a cladogram. Requesting a (Partial) Retraction from Darrel Falk and BioLogos (7) A point made vividly by Matzke’s own source, which he cites in solemn incomprehension: Whatever the character matrix, Brysse observes, “…� there is only enough reliable information available to construct cladograms, not trees.” Brysse, Keynyn (2008). “From weird wonders to stem lineages: the second reclassification of the Burgess Shale fauna.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 39(3), 298-313. (10) Matzke, op cit. By “bodyplan” Matzke means bodyplan. His remarks as written suggest someone about to dissect a word. The translation of a character matrix into a cladogram can in this simple case be done by hand. Anything more complicated requires a computer program. The clade of cladists and the clade of computer programmers are on the best of terms. One clade washes the other, as professionals so often observe. Terminal points in a cladogram are occupied by the names of taxa, and vertices by their characters. Why, Matzke wonders, did Stephen Meyer not include within his book cladograms such as those he himself displays in his critique, one due to Brysse, the other to Legg? He is in asking this question in full Matzke mode: Sleek with satisfaction. Meyer may well have refrained from including these cladograms because they are topologically in conflict, and display virtually no agreement with one another. Matzke’s inability to discern what is directly beneath his nose is hardly evidence of his own competence in cladistic analysis.2 (11) Stephen Jay Gould, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Harvard University Press, 2002, p. 1057. (5) Brower A.V.Z. ‘Evolution is not a necessary assumption of cladistics.’ Cladistics, 2000, 16: 143-154. Later in his paper, Brower remarks that “systematics provides evidence that allows inference of a scientific theory of evolution.” What doesn’t? Image credit: Wsytan/Flickr. Five taxa in all: A, B, C, D, and E, individuals, species, or whole slobbering groups of them. Assume that this is so. And in 1, 2, 3, and 4, four characters. A four by five matrix suffices to display the distribution of characters, with 1 indicating that a character is present in a taxon, and 0, that it is not: A Physician Describes How Behe Changed His MindLife’s Origin — A “Mystery” Made AccessibleCodes Are Not Products of PhysicsIxnay on the Ambriancay PlosionexhayDesign Triangulation: My Thanksgiving Gift to All Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Aber sei vorsichtig, as Willi Hennig himself might have said, and, no doubt, would have said had he read Matzke’s critique. It is remarkably difficult to read a cladogram without reading something into it, more than the graph conveys, a bit of Darwinian doggerel most often. A, B, C, D and E are labels marking points in the plane; the taxa that they designate are found in nature. There is a difference. That A is to the left of B is a fact about graphs and labels. It makes no sense to say of two taxa that one is to the left of the other. Very few taxonomists are known widely to confuse their left and their right hands — no more than one or two. This is reassuring. That B is between A and C is otherwise. It is tempting. It is tempting precisely because it invites the taxonomist to undertake an inference from the premise that B is between A and C to the conclusion that B is somehow a descendent of A, an ancestor of C. Figure 3 Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share The graphs and trees of cladistic analysis are when examined statistically capable of recording strong signals. Matzke is right to say this.9 He is himself so alert to them that he resembles an old-fashioned commodore peering beyond mist and mizzen and hoping to see flags. While those signals may be strong, it is often unclear what they are signaling. We may imagine the world’s living cladists sorted by a complex character matrix, one involving graduate degrees, publications, tenure, citations, beard length, night sweats, beady eyes, prison records and trans-gendered identity. Their crown group comprises the living cladists together with their last common ancestor and all of his descendents. Cladistic analysis indicates, I am at liberty to disclose, that Will Hennig is the last common ancestor of all living cladists, and so an Ur-Mensch, another reason for the respect in which he is held. Having branched off early, Sokal and Sneath make for a sister group. Extinct stem groups may be seen as well, tracing their ancestry to an unter-Mensch, as German cladists say, one lost in the fog of time and more basal, if not more base, than Willi Hennig himself. “A Summary of the Evidence for Intelligent Design”: The Study Guide Congratulations to Science Magazine for an Honest Portrayal of Darwin’s Descent of Man Photo by Adam Calaitzis on Adobe StockThe problems associated with the biological character problem [cladistics] are so complex and multifaceted and this issue is so conceptually immature that any single author’s account is doomed to be too narrow and lopsided to be of much use.Günter Wagner1last_img read more

30 May

Cosmos 3.0 with Neil deGrasse Tyson Arrives Tonight at 8 PM, Somewhat Dented

first_img“A Summary of the Evidence for Intelligent Design”: The Study Guide Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Physics, Earth & Space Cosmos 3.0 with Neil deGrasse Tyson Arrives Tonight at 8 PM, Somewhat DentedDavid KlinghofferMarch 9, 2020, 12:09 PM But the charismatic Tyson does return as host in “Possible Worlds.” And Evolution News will be tuning in to see how he performs.Mandatory in Schools?Our staff’s critique and analysis of Cosmos 2.0 appeared in book form as The Unofficial Guide to Cosmos: Fact and Fiction in Neil deGrasse Tyson’s Landmark Science Series, which I edited. Many of the themes of Cosmos, in both its iterations, were examined at much greater scholarly depth by Discovery Institute science historian Michael Keas in his book Unbelievable: 7 Myths About the History and Future of Science and Religion. Our motivation in this work was partly the concern that the series would end up being used in schools. The same worry might well apply to Cosmos 3.0. As a commenter on the trailer enthuses, it is a “A documentary that should be mandatory at school.” Says another, “Cosmos should be made mandatory in school curriculum[s].”The trailer is well done, and no doubt the production values for the season as a whole will be high. Tyson on screen is never less than an enjoyable personality. You can watch, too, at 8 pm/7 pm Central. Let me know what you think!Image: Host Neil deGrasse Tyson glimpsed in a screenshot from the trailer for Cosmos 3.0, “Possible Worlds.”  Image: Host Neil deGrasse Tyson glimpsed in a screenshot from the trailer for Cosmos 3.0, “Possible Worlds.” The third season of the Cosmos franchise arrives tonight on Fox and National Geographic, somewhat dented in my opinion by the second season’s loose approach to the scientific and historical facts. At one point, due to personal controversies around host Neil deGrasse Tyson, it seemed uncertain that Cosmos 3.0, “Possible Worlds,” would be released at all. But here it is at last.The second season (2014) spun a misleading narrative celebrating the triumph of rational, secular scientific culture over benighted, supposedly irrational and anti-science religion. That the new season debuts amid a culture-wide panic attack over a little-known virus, complete with a stock market crash and toilet-paper hoarding, is not what you would call the best timing.Oddly, in the trailer, Dr. Tyson is barely glimpsed, and not heard at all. Instead, the narrating here is all done by Carl Sagan, star of the iconic, original Cosmos (1980), who died in 1996: Origin of Life: Brian Miller Distills a Debate Between Dave Farina and James Tour Congratulations to Science Magazine for an Honest Portrayal of Darwin’s Descent of Man Jane Goodall Meets the God Hypothesiscenter_img Recommended A Physician Describes How Behe Changed His MindLife’s Origin — A “Mystery” Made AccessibleCodes Are Not Products of PhysicsIxnay on the Ambriancay PlosionexhayDesign Triangulation: My Thanksgiving Gift to All TagsCarl SagancoronavirusCosmos (series)Cosmos: Possible WorldsFox Broadcasting CompanyhoardingMichael KeasNational Geographic ChannelNeil deGrasse Tysonstock marketThe Unofficial Guide to CosmosUnbelievable,Trending Requesting a (Partial) Retraction from Darrel Falk and BioLogos Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share David KlinghofferSenior Fellow and Editor, Evolution NewsDavid Klinghoffer is a Senior Fellow at Discovery Institute and the editor of Evolution News & Science Today, the daily voice of Discovery Institute’s Center for Science & Culture, reporting on intelligent design, evolution, and the intersection of science and culture. Klinghoffer is also the author of six books, a former senior editor and literary editor at National Review magazine, and has written for the Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Seattle Times, Commentary, and other publications. Born in Santa Monica, California, he graduated from Brown University in 1987 with an A.B. magna cum laude in comparative literature and religious studies. David lives near Seattle, Washington, with his wife and children.Follow DavidProfileTwitter Sharelast_img read more

18 May

Building Grassroots Democracy in Minority Communities, Fellowship in USA

first_img Pocket Applications for Commonwealth Youth to Lead on Human Rights and Democracy Open Call: The new Democratic Wo/Men of the Western Balkans 2021 DRAPER HILLS SUMMER FELLOWS PROGRAM Share 0 High School Plenary Session at EU Capital, Brussels → Building Grassroots Democracy in Minority Communities, Fellowship in USA Deadline: 15 November, 2012Open to:  professionals from Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, and SlovakiaFellowship: covers all program expenses: visa, health insurance, transportation, accommodation, mealsDescriptionGREAT LAKES CONSORTIUM FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT invites professionals from any regions of Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia to apply for participation in a 42-day fellowship in the U.S.A. “BUILDING GRASSROOTS DEMOCRACY IN MINORITY COMMUNITIES”.The overall goal of the program is to provide a professional development opportunity for up-and-coming and mid-level professionals to gain knowledge of U.S. practices in engaging citizens and community leaders in collaboration to inform changes in legislation that make a difference in minority communities (incl. Roma, disabled, homeless populations) and strengthen grassroots democracy.The joint program will be organized in Toledo (Ohio), Detroit (Michigan) and in some of the larger cities as Chicago (Illinois) and/or New York (NY), but internship placement may include smaller communities across the U.S. An enrichment program of Professional Fellows Congress will be also in the itinerary where program participants from different U.S. State Department exchanges will have an opportunity to meet with government leaders and other program alumni and share experiences at the end of the visit in Washington D.C.EligibilityParticipants should:be 25 and 38 years oldbe citizens of one of the following  countries: Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia or United Statesbe active members of their local community, interested in long-term international cooperationhave good communication and presentation skills, and are receptive to modem technologybe up-and-coming and mid-level government or civil society professionals with prior training and/or experience and current employment related to community organizing and/or working with minority communitiesbe highly proficient in written and oral Englishbe able to work effectively in a cross-cultural setting, and have demonstrated leadership abilities.AllowanceAll expenses of the U.S. program including visa, health insurance, transportation, accommodation (3-week home stays at American families, 3 weeks in hotel), meals, and cultural programs will be provided.How to apply?Application form can be found hereApplication Form has to be submitted by e-mail and a hard copy by mail to the country director listed on the form.Please e-mail a copy of your application by November 15, 2012 also  to  Dr. Elizabeth Balint, GLC Project Manager in Toledo, Ohio, e-mail: GLC [email protected] applicants will be invited for an interview with GLC in-country program director and other collaborating partners.Official announcement LinkedIn 0center_img Leave a Reply Cancel ReplyYou must be logged in to post a comment. +1 Tweet Reddit ← Volunteering in Morocco Similar Stories November 1, 2012 Published by iwona last_img read more