The Farmington Farmers and Artisans Market will celebrate its annual Polish Festival on Saturday, August 4, 9 a.m.-2:30 p.m., at the Walter E. Sundquist Farmington Pavilion and Riley Park.The bell rings promptly at 9 a.m. with a special cultural introduction. Children’s crafts, hosted by the MSU Oakland County Extension throughout the day, will include making Polish dill pickles.Market-goers may enjoy fresh pierogi served all day long with grilled Polish sausage, onions and sauerkraut. Detroit’s Chene Modern Bakery makes a market stop with traditional European breads and baked goods such as angel wings, poppy seed rolls, kolaczki, almond rolls and more.Look for entertainment by the Kielbasa Kings, performing classic polka standards from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., and the Wawel Polish Folk Dancers, from 11:30 a.m. to 12 p.m.At 11 a.m. the market’s Strawbale Inn will serve up glasses of the traditional Piwo as well as handcrafted seasonal light beer brewed from smoked wheat especially for this day by the Farmington Brewing Company.At 1 p.m. a colorful fashion show will showcase the talent and fiber works of Alexandra Lisiecki and her Recultured Designs.As always, more than a dozen Michigan farmers will bring in fresh-picked locally grown fruits and vegetables, and vendors will offer pantry goods, artisan originals, and home accents for sale. To learn more visit farmingtonfarmersmarket.com. Reported by admin Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)
11/07/2016 at 21:32 Middlesbrough’s most recent signing, Spanish goalkeeper Victor Valdes, said on Monday that playing in the Premier League “is a good challenge for me and that’s the main reason I signed.” Valdes, 34, has signed a two-year deal with Aitor Karanka’s side and joins the newly promoted Premier League side after six months on loan at Belgium’s Standard Liege. EFE “The other main reason was the manager. Now I’m looking forward to starting with the first game against Stoke.” He added: “The first thing I’ve seen is it’s a big group of good guys. The manager and my team-mates have made it easy for me because he speaks Spanish. CEST The former Barcelona keeper is the club’s fifth signing of the summer, joining Viktor Fischer (Ajax), Colombian Bernardo Espinosa (Sporting Gijon), Marten de Roon (Atalanta) and Jordan McGhee (Hearts) at the club. “I’m feeling good and step by step, day by day. I feel this is a good challenge for me in the Premier League and that’s the main reason I signed here,” he told Boro’s official website. “When you have a good atmosphere around you for the first days it’s easier to feel comfortable on the pitch. The Catalan will compete for a starting spot with Dimitrios Konstantopoulos, who has worn the gloves in recent seasons, the Spaniard Tomas Mejias, who has played in cup games, and youngster Connor Ripley.
By ANEEKA SIMONIS A MAN has been killed following a truck collision near Kooweerup today. Police believe the male pedestrian…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
Team Koot-Neigh has just finished up it’s busy outdoor season of training, Provincial, National and International competition as well as three clinics.The club recently held its finale — the fourth annual Octoberfest 2017 show at the Nelson & District Riding Club. More than 20 athletes competed with five horses and their lungers on a beautiful Fall day, many vaulters for their first time.Mallard’s Source for sports would like to salute the Team Koot-Neigh with Team of the Week honours.The team includes, Gwen McCrory, Cloe Comstock, Elisse Southam, Neve Hamilton, Selina Kromer-Anton, Alma Gray, Julia Kromer-Anton, Olivia Berekely, Elvin Padfield, Korynn Weber, Noor Lammers, Indigo Bowick, Naomi Weber, Tasia Radonich, Nais Perez-Schmitt, Nikita Shlakoff, Lauryn Foster, Priya Comstock, Molly Hrycay, Julia Markin-Hellekson, Vanessa Schrader and Alexis Clarke.
Realtín Stara representing Galway Lawn Tennis Club, Added the ASYSTEC Junior South of Ireland Tennis Championships U12 Singles Title to the National Spring Title when she beat the number one seed Rebecca O’Mahony in straight sets 6-2, 6-1 at Limerick Lawn Tennis Club. She then joined Cameron Dooley in the U12 Mixed Doubles Final but they were beaten 6-4, 6-3 by the number two seeds David Cotter and Amy McCarthy. There was further success for Galway Lawn Tennis Club with Allison Hennessy and Roisin Moore winning the Ladies Under 16 Doubles Title with a straight sets 6-4, 6-2 win over Breda Brennan and Grace Dawn O’Reilly.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email
Therecently crowned champions are represented in every area of the field andreceived two more nominations than the Kilkenny team they beat in the final,whose season is rewarded with nine. 2019All-Ireland kingpins, Tipperary, lead the way in the list of PwC All-Starhurling nominations with 11 names on the short-list of 45 players. print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email Leinster champions Wexford have been honoured with eight nominations while Laois’ Joe McDonagh Cup winning season is acknowledged with two nominations as goalkeeper Enda Rowland and defender Jack Kelly make the cut after a campaign that also included a championship win over provincial rivals Dublin. Galway also get two nominations with Cathal Mannion and Conor Whelan in the shortlist.In all, eight counties make the cut with two awards each also for Cork, and Dublin to round off the list.In a 12-month period of major change at the top, only sixof last year’s All-Star winning players make this year’s nominations list.Those six are Eoin Murphy, Seán Finn, Graeme Mulcahy, Patrick Horgan, CianLynch and Richie English.Also announced today were the three nominees for both thePlayer of the Year and Young Player of the Year Awards for hurling.Tipperary All-Ireland winning captain Séamus Callanan,Cork’s Patrick Horgan and TJ Reid of Kilkenny are all shortlisted.Adrian Mullen (Kilkenny), Kyle Hayes (Limerick) and RoryO’Connor (Wexford) are the three selected for the young player’s award.The final selection of 15 players will be made late nextmonth and all players will be honoured at a banquet in Dublin on Friday, November1.Iomáint 2019GoalkeepersEoin Murphy (Kilkenny)Enda Rowland (Laois)Brian Hogan (Tipperary)DefendersChris Crummey (Dublin)Eoghan O’Donnell (Dublin)Paddy Deegan (Kilkenny)Pádraig Walsh (Kilkenny)Huw Lawlor (Kilkenny)Conor Fogarty (Kilkenny)Jack Kelly (Laois)Seán Finn (Limerick)Mike Casey (Limerick)Richie English (Limerick)Pádraic Maher (Tipperary)Ronan Maher (Tipperary)Cathal Barrett (Tipperary)Brendan Maher (Tipperary)Barry Heffernan (Tipperary) Matthew O’Hanlon (Wexford)-3-Paudie Foley (Wexford)Liam Ryan (Wexford)MidfieldersCathal Mannion (Galway)Cian Lynch (Limerick)William O’Donoghue (Limerick)Noel McGrath (Tipperary)Diarmuid O’Keeffe (Wexford)Kevin Foley (Wexford)ForwardsAlan Cadogan (Cork)Patrick Horgan (Cork)Conor Whelan (Galway)TJ Reid (Kilkenny)Adrian Mullen (Kilkenny)John Donnelly (Kilkenny)Colin Fennelly (Kilkenny)Kyle Hayes (Limerick)Peter Casey (Limerick) Aaron Gillane (Limerick)Graeme Mulcahy (Limerick)John O’Dwyer (Tipperary)Jason Forde (Tipperary)Séamus Callanan (Tipperary)John McGrath (Tipperary)Rory O’Connor (Wexford)Lee Chin (Wexford)Conor McDonald (Wexford)Player Of theYear NomineesPatrick Horgan (Cork)TJ Reid (Kilkenny)Séamus Callanan (Tipperary)Young Player of the Year NomineesAdrian Mullen (Kilkenny)Kyle Hayes (Limerick)Rory O’Connor (Wexford)
The highest-earning fans in the Premier League have been revealed, and they expose huge divides even among clubs from the same area.Many of the top clubs will be glad there appears to be no link between fan income and club performance, as there would be a huge change at the top – and bottom – if this table played out in real life.6 Brighton fans are the Premier League’s highest earnersCredit: ReutersBrighton fans are the Premier League’s highest earners according to the list compiled by footballtips.com, with an impressive average salary of £43,000 – way above the UK average of £27,000.That is however far behind what the average Premier League player earns in a single week, a figure that has rocketed to £50,817.The Seagulls pip Chelsea fans, whose club resides in the richest borough in the United Kingdom, to the title, with Blues supporters taking home £41,000.Leicester City are another unusual high-flyer, earning £40,000 on average to place them third in the table, while at the other end, Cardiff fans’ incomes sit at just £19,000, less than half those recorded by each of the top three.HIGHEST-EARNING PREMIER LEAGUE FANS IN FULL1. Brighton and Hove Albion – £43,000 a year2. Chelsea – £41,0003. Leicester City – £40,0004. Bournemouth – £37,0005. Southampton – £35,0006. Watford – £33,0007. Tottenham Hotspur – £31,000=8. Arsenal – £30,000=8. Manchester City – £30,00010. Wolverhampton Wanderers – £29,00011. Fulham – £27,000=12. Huddersfield Town – £25,000=12. Manchester United – £25,00014. Newcastle United – £24,00015. Liverpool – £23,50016. Everton – £23,00017. Crystal Palace – £22,00018. Burnley – £21,00019. West Ham United – £20,00020. Cardiff City – £19,0006 Cardiff City fans have just enjoyed promotion back to the Premier LeagueCredit: Action Images6 But fans of Cardiff sit bottom of wages tableCredit: Getty – ContributorThe average Cardiff fan’s earnings would take 25 YEARS to match the £505,000 dished out every week to the league’s highest-paid player, Manchester United’s Alexis Sanchez.Brighton’s South Coast rivals Bournemouth and Southampton also enjoy high takings, ranking fourth and fifth respectively, while fans of southern clubs in general tend to earn more than their northern counterparts, with Watford, Tottenham, Arsenal and Fulham also in the top ten.Arsenal fans, despite ranking only eighth with a £30,000 average income, are forced to pay the highest prices to see their club, with the cheapest season ticket available coming in at an eye-watering £891.Manchester City are not just cash-rich on the field and are the highest-ranked northern club, able to boast a £5,000-a-year advantage over cross-city rivals United, out-raking them £30,000 to £25,000.6 Alexis Sanchez earns a staggering one thousand times more than the average Manchester United fan cheering him onCredit: Getty Images – GettySign up for Dream Team 2018/19 nowDream Team is back and better than ever ahead of the new Premier League seasonCompletely free to play£400k jackpot up for grabs across the seasonREGISTER FOR DREAM TEAM 2018/19 HERE LATEST FOOTBALL NEWSLive BlogBLUES NEWSChelsea news LIVE: Follow all the latest updates from Stamford BridgeLive BlogUNITED LIVEMan Utd news LIVE: All the latest updates and transfer gossip from Old TraffordLive BlogBLUES NEWSChelsea transfer news LIVE: Havertz deal LATEST, Willian move updatesLive BlogUNITED LATESTMan Utd transfer news LIVE: All the gossip and updates from Old TraffordLive Bloggunners newsArsenal transfer news LIVE – Latest updates from the EmiratesAZPI BETTERAzpilicueta reveals turning off phone saved his season after horror startART ATTACKInside Arsenal’s celebrations as Arteta is showered with champagne as he dancesLive BlogTRANSFER NEWS LIVEStones update, Sancho latest, Havertz to Chelsea newsExclusiveKEEP IT IN THE FAMILYMan Utd line up shock swoop for Kasper Schmeichel to replace De GeaExclusiveMAICA DECISIONLeeds captain Phillips approached by JAMAICA as Southgate monitors star6 Arsenal fans earn the eighth-most in the league but are forced to stump up the highest amount for tickets to see their beloved sideCredit: AFPLiverpool fans’ £23,500 average annual income edges out their rivals Everton, who sit just behind them on £23,000.Crystal Palace and West Ham United, from the traditionally poorer London boroughs of Croydon and Newham, are both in the bottom four, while Burnley fans are third-bottom on £21,000 a year.Tom Rooney, a Footballtips.com spokesperson, said: “It’s always interesting to see how demographics do change between football fans and how there is such a large wage gap between them.”This certainly does show that many fans situated up north are often paid less than those living down south but it certainly doesn’t stop supporters following their teams.”6 Manchester City have increased their season ticket prices for 2018/19, but they remain one of the cheapest in the league despite the club’s dominance on the pitchCredit: AFP or licensorsThere was outrage earlier this summer as clubs yet again hiked up their season ticket prices despite having a whopping £5billion shared across the league from the new TV deal.Wolves, celebrating their return to the Premier League after six years away, handed their fans the highest increase by tacking on £125 to the price of their season ticket, a 32.5 per cent rise.Spurs added on £100 to their cheapest ticket to take it to £795 as they look to cover the costs of their new £1bn stadium.Last season’s champions Manchester City continue to provide their fans with one of the best deals in the country, ranking 19th of 20 with season tickets still available at £310, although this is up £11 on 2017/18.We take a look at every new football kit to debut at the Premier League this coming season
Dons play Assumption in Cranberry Classic championship SaturdayBy Paul LeckerSports ReporterWISCONSIN RAPIDS — Tyler Fuerlinger and Hunter Schultz combined for 54 points to help the Marshfield Columbus Catholic boys basketball team to an 81-50 victory over Nekoosa in its season opener, which was a semifinal at the Cranberry Classic at Assumption High School.Fuerlinger had 29 points, and Schultz scored 25 for the Dons. Nick Malovrh notched 11 points.Columbus jumped out to a 38-19 lead by halftime and poured it on with a 43-point second half.The Dons will play Assumption in the championship game at 7:45 p.m. Saturday night.(Hub City Times Sports Reporter Paul Lecker is also the publisher of MarshfieldAreaSports.com.)Dons 81, Papermakers 50Nekoosa 19 31 – 50Columbus Catholic 38 43 – 81NEKOOSA (50): No statistics reported. Record: 0-1.COLUMBUS CATHOLIC (81): Jarred Mandel 8, Karak Bushman 2, Ryan Dieringer 0, Noah Taylor 0, Peyton Nystrom 0, Nick Malovrh 11, Hunter Schultz 25, Noah Hansen 1, Tyler Fuerlinger 29, Charles Payant 3. Record: 1-0.
Environmental Affairs Ministry’s Deputy Minister Rejoice Mabudafhasi exchanging thoughts with LOC CEO Danny Jordaan at the Green Goal 2010 Programme launch. City of Johannesburg’s Matshidiso Mfikoe signing the pledge to preserve the city’s environment during the 2010 Fifa World Cup. (Images: Bongani Nkosi) MEDIA CONTACTS • Jermaine Craig 2010 World Cup Organising Committee +27 83 201 0121 • Albi Modise Department of Environmental Affairs Spokesperson +27 83 490 2871 RELATED ARTICLES •Clean-up drive along SA’s borders •E-waste pilot project delivers •Greening it up in Cape Town •SA delves into carbon storage •Global Fifa fan parks for 2010Bongani NkosiThe recently launched Green Goal 2010 Programme is helping South Africa ensure that next year’s Fifa World Cup is an environment-friendly event.The programme was spearheaded by the country’s Department of Environmental Affairs and the 2010 Local Organising Committee (LOC) and made public on 26 November at Safa House, the LOC’s headquarters, in Johannesburg.At the launch representatives from the nine host cities, the LOC and the department signed a pledge to support Green Goal’s objectives of minimising waste, reducing harmful fuel emissions, promoting energy efficiency and conserving water.Government, especially at a local level, has committed to boost its services and community involvement to see these objectives realised.Waste and water managementTo manage waste effectively the LOC and host cities will use biodegradable packaging for takeaway food and drinks, and provide different bins to separate recyclable and non-recyclable litter at the fan parks and stadiums.Measures will also be taken to ensure there is responsible water consumption during the tournament, so South Africans won’t be affected in the future, said Rejoice Mabudafhasi, the Department of Environmental Affairs’ deputy minister.At the stadiums all urinals will be water-free, operating instead with hygienic, replaceable cartridges connected to drainpipes. Rain or run-off water will be used during cleaning.Government has promised to collect waste efficiently and regularly and ensure that potable water and electricity supply is uninterrupted at stadiums and public viewing areas.“The World Cup can … create awareness about the environment, leading to changed behavioural patterns and reduced consumption of resources such as water, electricity and fuel – as well as biodiversity protection,” Mabudafhasi said.South Africa’s Green Goal partners include Fifa, Eskom, the Central Energy Fund, local businesses and countries such as Norway, UK, Denmark and Germany.“These stakeholders are committed to a national drive to ensure the event does not leave a legacy of negative environmental impact,” Mabudafhasi added.More trees for SAEfforts are already underway to plant more trees across the country for 2010.The City of Johannesburg, which will host big 2010 games like the opening and final match at Soccer City, has undertaken to plant 200 000 trees for the tournament.“We have planted 187 000 trees, on top of the 10-million trees the city already has,” said Jenny Moodley, spokesperson of City Parks which manages Johannesburg’s cemeteries, open green areas, street trees and conserved spaces.“We have been planting trees all over,” said Mabudafhasi.Cutting down on fuel emissionsThe biggest concern about the much-anticipated World Cup is that it will increase South Africa’s carbon footprint dramatically.Environmental Affairs Minister Buyelwa Sonjica told Parliament on 25 November that a feasibility study has shown the event will generate about 2.8-million tons of carbon emissions, almost 10 times the amount produced during the German World Cup in 2006.International air travel will account for 67% of the carbon footprint, according to the study which was commissioned by the Department of Environmental Affairs and the Norwegian government.The department noted that Germany did not include air travel in its carbon footprint in 2006, and this addition for 2010 will significantly add to South Africa’s volumes.Most international visitors will have to fly to the country for the World Cup, unlike many in Germany who were able to drive in and out, LOC CEO Danny Jordaan said.“What’s different is that Germany is the centre of Europe … fans from the Netherlands and France simply drove to stadiums and returned home the same day,” he said.“We have identified a number of projects to offset our carbon footprint,” said Mabudafhasi.Sonjica recently announced that spectators will be encouraged to use bicycles to reduce fuel emissions during the tournament. She said at least three of the nine host cities will soon introduce bicycle lanes along routes leading to stadiums and other spectator sites.“The department will fund bicycle maintenance in these three host cities,” the minister said.Government is also hoping the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system will cut down on greenhouse gas emissions by getting more people to use public transport instead of congesting routes with private cars.Rea Vaya buses, part of Johannesburg’s BRT system, are already operational along many routes in the city and carry about 16 3000 passengers daily.There are also plans to implement the system in the host cities of Cape Town, Port Elizabeth and Pretoria.As was done during the Fifa Confederations Cup in June, other modes of public transport such as taxis and trains will be promoted in 2010 to minimise the use of cars.A great, green spectacle“We envisage that the 2010 Fifa World Cup will be a great football event and, most importantly, it will be hosted under excellent environmental stewardship,” said Mabudafhasi.“[The World Cup] will be used to raise awareness of both local and global environmental issues … and will be used to lay a foundation and set new and higher standards for greening future events in South Africa,” she added.
The Milky Way blazes overhead in the dark Namibian night.(Image: Tivoli) The NamibRand Nature Reserve also offers spectacular natural landscapes.(Image: NamibRand)This 13 min video contains about 250 hours of actual exposures, gathered at Tivoli Farm, Namibia, during 10 perfectly cloudless nights.(Video: Lorenzo Comolli Astronomy)Visit MediaClubSouthAfrica.com on YouTube.MEDIA CONTACTS • Scott KardelInternational Dark-Sky Association+1 520.293.3198• Nils OdendaalCEO, NamibRand Reserve+264 61 224 882Janine ErasmusSouthern African astronomy buffs have another reason to celebrate – hot on the heels of the awarding of the greater part of the Square Kilometre Array to the region, comes the news that the NamibRand Nature Reserve in Namibia has been proclaimed as the continent’s first international dark-sky reserve (IDSR), meaning that it’s one of the best places on earth to star-gaze.The proclamation falls under the dark-sky movement, an initiative of the Arizona-based non-profit International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) which was the first organisation, and is currently the largest, to embrace this concept.Located in southwestern Namibia, the privately owned NamibRand covers an area of just over 170 000 ha.It joins a handful of other areas around the world – and only three other reserves, in New Zealand, Canada and the UK – recognised by the IDA as the best places on earth to see the splendour of the universe at night, just as it was before humans came along.The dark-sky movement seeks to limit the intrusion of artificial light into the experience of observing the night skies. The adverse effect of this intrusion is known as light pollution, and it happens when artificial light is not properly shielded, causing sky glow, glare or light trespass. This limits the ability to see details of the night sky whether unaided or through a lens.Light on the ground need not be unfriendly to dark skies, if properly set up. But poorly shielded artificial light, according to the IDA, also affects the ecology of an area and impacts on nocturnal animals, predatory behaviour, migration patterns and the mating and communication habits of creatures.Gold tier status for dark-sky excellenceWhile not the first IDSR in the world, the NamibRand is the first to achieve gold tier status. For stargazers this is good news, because it means that the reserve is unparalleled in terms of night-time viewing as any artificial lights that are present make little or no impact on the dark sky. The nearest town lies over 100km away, and the closest major city is Windhoek, some 400km distant.For ecologists, gold status is a sure indication that the NamibRand staff has made every effort to keep the impact of artificial light on the reserve’s fauna to a minimum.“We did a detailed audit of all external light fixtures on the reserve and applied corrective measures, including retrofitting, replacing fixtures or using lower wattage bulbs,” said the reserve’s CEO Nils Odendaal, “so that these would comply with our lighting guidelines as stipulated in our dark-sky reserve management plan.”According to the reserve’s dark-sky lighting guidelines, exterior lighting is kept to a minimum and where necessary, is not only fully shielded, but emits an amber or red light which is kinder to the eyes. Lights are also controlled by motion detectors or timers, where possible, to ensure they’re on for as short a time as possible.Vehicles are encouraged to use headlights (on dim) only when the light of the moon is insufficient, otherwise they use parking lights. It’s perfectly safe to drive using these less powerful lights at the slower speeds used on the reserve. Headlights on bright are only allowed on the public road C27, and vehicle lights may not be directed at buildings or tourist accommodation.The reserve will continue with its responsibility of raising awareness of the importance of preserving the night skies.“NamibRand serves on several local and national committees where we can share information with other conservation organisations and stakeholders,” said Odendaal. ”An example of this is the recently launched Nam-place project, which aims to unite landowners and custodians across large landscapes in an effort to co-manage these local landscapes for the benefit of conservation.”NamibRand is using its position on these committees, and its close ties to bodies such as the Namibia Nature Foundation, to drive awareness about light pollution and light conservation in general, said Odendaal.In addition, the NGO Namib Desert Environmental Education Trust, located in the reserve, educates visitors, schoolchildren and neighbouring communities about astronomy, the night sky, and other aspects of conservation and sustainability. The organisation hosts about 1 000 school children each year and also disseminates environmental literature to a readership base of about 18 000 readers, said Odendaal.Exceptionally dark skiesNamibRand’s application was submitted to the IDA in February 2012. It was championed by retired physics and astronomy professor George Tucker from Nassau, New York. Tucker is an IDA member who had first visited Namibia back in 2003 and, he said in the application’s introduction, was amazed at the sheer volume of stars visible to him there – stars he’d never seen before.He was even able to move around, in the dark, by the light of the Milky Way alone.Over the past eight years Tucker has been conducting measurements of the darkness of the Namibian sky, using a sky quality meter – this is an instrument which gives a measure of the night sky’s brightness in terms of the magnitude per square arc-second.An arc-second is a unit of angular measurement that is equal to 1/3600 degrees of an arc – we understand that there are 360 degrees in a circle, 60 arc-minutes in a degree, and 60 arc-seconds in each arc-minute. The arc-second is a tiny measurement – for a human hair to cover one arc-second it would have to be viewed from 10 metres away.The magnitude is simply a measure of the brightness of an object.The higher the number given by the sky quality meter, the darker the sky. Tucker consistently got readings of over 22 on his meter – this means that observers will be able to see, with a help of a telescope, stars of the 22nd apparent magnitude, which are very dim. To put this in perspective, the faintest celestial object visible to a sharp naked eye is around magnitude six, and that’s in exceptionally dark conditions. The spiral galaxy M81 or Bode’s Galaxy, magnitude 6.9, is about 12-million light years away and pushes the ability of the naked eye to the limit.In terms of the Bortle Dark-Sky Scale, which measures night skies on a scale from one to nine – where one is dark enough to observe phenomena such as zodiacal light and shadows cast on the ground by the Milky Way, and nine is a brilliantly lit urban sky – the NamibRand comes in at one.The measurements haven’t changed in all of the eight years, wrote Tucker, and it was these outstanding readings that prompted him to nominate the NamibRand as an IDSR.“Viewing the pristine night sky over the NamibRand is an unforgettable experience,” he said in a statement. “Achieving this status is a significant accomplishment not just for the NamibRand, but also for Namibia and all of Africa.”Because tourism forms the major part of the NamibRand’s income, it’s imperative for the sustainability of the reserve that its natural assets are protected. As an astrophotography site, it would be highly sought after.The &Beyond hospitality group maintains an observatory, which boasts not only a Meade LX200R 12-inch telescope but also a full-time astronomer, at its luxury Sossusvlei Desert Lodge, situated in the NamibRand. The group also played an important role in the reserve’s new IDSR status.Other concessionaires in the reserve include Wolwedans camp; the self-catering NamibRand Family Hideout; walking safari company Tok-Tokkie Trails; Namib Sky Balloon Safaris; and the conservation organisation N/a’an ku sê Foundation.All of them have stated their commitment to the dark-sky project.Keeping our night skies darkAccording to Dark Skies Awareness, the natural sky brightness level for an unpolluted and clear starry sky is around 21.6 magnitude per square arc-second – at this level the Milky Way can be seen blazing overhead, as well as about 6 000 stars, with the naked eye.Since viewers in bright cities may count themselves lucky to see a few hundred stars in the sky on a clear night, we begin to understand how important it is to maintain these dark-sky areas.Not only are starry skies a pleasure to view, but they are an important part of human and natural life. Many animals only come out at night. Navigators have used, and still use the stars and constellations to guide them. Too much lighting leads to energy waste and the consequent release of greenhouse gases in the production of that energy. It’s even claimed that having better night vision will help to cut down on crime, as criminals will be easier to spot.The IDA has named various measures people can take to keep light pollution to a minimum in areas where it matters. They include shielding outdoor lighting; using light only when necessary and then just enough to get the job done; using dimmers and timers; and using a red- or yellow-tinted light which isn’t as harsh.